MARSHAL'S STAR: HISTORY, PHOTOS, AND DESCRIPTION

September 2, 1940,  by a Decree of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet a Marshal's rank sign, Marshal's Star, was instituted. March 3, 1955, it was established that Admirals of the Fleet of Soviet Union were to wear the same star. 

It is a golden five-point star with smooth dihedral rays on the obverse. In the centre of the sign a platinum five-point star with brilliants is set; it has in the centre a 2,62 carat brilliant, and in the rays 25 brilliants with overall weight of 1,25 carat.

Between the edges of the rays there are 5 more brilliants with overall weight of 3,06 carat.

The diameter of the circumscribed circle: 44,5 mm, the golden star; 23 mm, the platinum star.

The height of the Star's profile is 8 mm.

The reverse is flat, with openwork of the brilliants of the platinum star and of the brilliants placed between the edges of the rays.

The Marshal's Star with help of a triangle eye is connected to a semioval fastening of 14 mm; through the latter a watered silk band is passed, 35 mm in width.

The overall weight of the rank sign is 36,8 gr.

Although Marshal's Star was a sign of rank, similar to, e. g., shoulder straps, it was handed over like an order sign, solemnly, by the President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, and its holder obtained also a  particular diploma. After the death or degradation of a Marshal it was necessary to return his Star into the Diamond Fund.

More than 200 Stars of this kind were fabricated (though there never were more than 21 living holder of the Star) .

On this site you can find photos of original projects of Marshal's Star, 1940

After the abolition of the ranks of MSU and AFSU the Marshal's Star continues to exist in Russian Army as a sign of the MRF rank; the first and still the unique Marshal of Russian Federation, Igor D. Sergeev, received his Marshal's Star November 21, 1997, from President Yeltsin.


Later, February 27, 1943, emerged a Marshal's Star of another kind for persons holding the ranks of Marshals of Artillery, Air and Tank Forces. March 20, 1944 the Presidium stated that it belonged also to Marshals of Engineering Forces and of the Signals; June 5, 1962, also to the Admirals of the Fleet, and November 1, 1974, to the Generals of the Army.
Forasmuch as Chief Marshals of the branches, that are present on our site, also wore such a Star, it is worthwhile to cite its description:

Marshal's Star of a Marshal of a branch, of an Admiral of the Fleet, and of a General of the Army,  is a golden five-point star with smooth dihedral rays on the obverse. In the centre of the sign a platinum five-point star with brilliants is set; it has in the centre a 2,04 carat brilliant, and in the rays 25 brilliants with overall weight of 0,91 carat.

There are no brilliants between the edges of the rays.

The diameter of the circumscribed circle: 42 mm, the golden star; 21 mm, the platinum star.

The height of the Star's profile is 8 mm.

The reverse is flat, with openwork of the brilliants of the platinum star.

The Marshal's Star with help of a triangle eye is connected to a semioval fastening of 14 mm; through the latter a watered silk band is passed, 35 mm in width. The colour of band is different depending upon the branch; the artillery has golden colour; the Air Forces light blue, Tank forces wine-coloured, Engineer Forces crimson, Signals dark blue, Admirals of the Fleet have a turquoise band.

The overall weight of the rank sign is 35,1 gr.

Approximately 370 stars of this kind were fabricated. They still exist in Russian Army and belong, after the abolition of the ranks of Marshals of branches, only to Generals of the Army and Admirals of the Fleet.


Sources of information and pictures:
1) A site by Andrei Kuznetsov, Igor Pak, and Viktor Kaufman,"Orders and medals of USSR".
2) Marshals of the Soviet Union: What the Personal Files Tell,1996.

Marshals of Soviet Union, history of the rank | Uniform 1935-1943 | Uniform 1943-1991/3 | Marshal's Star